Advertising As A Tool Of Communication

Advertising is a form of mass communication with the public. It is usually one sided i.e. from the company to the buyer/potential user of the product. It is a form of communication that typically attempts to persuade the potential customers to purchase or consume more of a particular brand of product/services. As rightly defined by Bovee, “Advertising is the non-personal communication of information usually paid for and usually persuasive in nature about products, services or ideas by identified sponsors through the various media.”

Advertising an important tool of communication is use to promote commercial goods and services, it can also be used to inform, educate and motivate the public about non-commercial issues such as AIDS, Don’t drink and drive, Polio, Save water, electricity, animals and trees etc. “Advertising justifies its existence when used in the public interest – it is much too powerful tool to use solely for commercial purposes.” – Attributed to Howard Gossage by David Ogilvy.

Advertising is most effective with products that can be differentiated from similar products based on consumer accepted quality difference. Tom Egelhoff has classified advertising in 6 types, i.e. for company image, name brands, advertising service instead of a product, business-to-business advertising, co-op advertising and public service advertising. Television, Radio, Cinema, Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Video Game, Internet, Billboard, Transit Cards, Sandwich Board, Skywriting are the different mediums used to deliver the message. The companies choose the method according to the cost, budget, target audiences and their response. However, word of mouth advertising/ personal recommendations is an unpaid form of advertising which can provide good exposure at minimum cost.

Various new forms of advertising are growing rapidly. One of them is Social Networking Advertising. It’s an online advertising with a focus on social networking sites and use of the internet/ World Wide Web in order to deliver marketing messages and attract customers. The other is E-Mail advertising; E-Mail Marketing is often known as “opt-in-email advertising” to distinguish it from spam. “I believe ‘credibility’ is one of the biggest issues yet to be addressed by Internet advertisers. Everyone has their eye on ‘privacy’ as a critical concern, but credibility will be far more enabling or disabling to website profitability. A company can have a web presence and, unless the brand name is familiar, consumers have no way of knowing whether it’s a big company, a small company, an honest company, or a single scoundrel. I may be worried about my personal data being disclosed in violation of my privacy, but I’m far more concerned about whether or not the person or company with whom I’m dealing is reputable. Can I believe their claims? Will I have a recourse if something is wrong with the merchandise? Credibility no longer is strictly a brick-and-morter issue. I can’t judge someone by their place of business, when I conduct that business on the Internet. I can’t grasp a hand and look into their eyes to judge their veracity. Credibility is a huge issue.” – Jef Richard.

For a message to be effective keep it short, simple, crisp and easy to absorb. It is essential to translate the products/services offer into meaningful customer benefit by advertising and to build awareness and generate response. REMEMBER: – THE AIDA MODEL -ATTENTION, INTEREST, DESIRE AND ACTION.

In the modern scenario, most of the companies outsource their advertising activities to an advertising/ad agency which is a service business dedicated to creating, planning and handling advertising and sometimes also performs other forms of promotion like public relations, publicity and sales promotion for its client. Departments of the advertising agency includes: – The Creative Department (who creates an actual advertisement), Account Service (who is responsible for co-ordinating the creative team, the client, media and the production staff), Creative Service Production (here the employees are the people who have contacts with the suppliers of various creative media), Other department and Personnel. (like public relations). As said by David Ogilvy once that the relationship between a manufacturer and his advertising agency is almost as intimate as the relationship between a patient and his doctor. Make sure that you can life happily with your prospective client before you accept his account.

Thus, I would conclude by the famous words of Bruce Barton (1955), “Advertising is of the very essence of democracy. An election goes on every minute of the business day across the counters of hundreds of thousands of stores and shops where the customers state their preferences and determine which manufacturer and which product shall be the leader today, and which shall lead tomorrow.”

6 Important Aspects of E-Commerce Websites

Web development is an intricate process as there are multiple aspects to keep in mind. There are several things to consider like appealing design, user-experience, performance and easy navigation. E-commerce website development is a challenging process. Discussed here are certain important qualities that every e-commerce site should have.

Responsive Design:

Smart phone users are growing constantly. Most of the people prefer to shop online. It is due to this reason that a virtual shop should be responsive. It should be able to adapt itself as per the screen of the gadget in which it is accessed. Right from the basic navigation to checkout and payment, every platform of e-shop should be made available to the mobile phone users so that people on the move can buy.

Should Support Guest Checkouts:

The users should be able to create an account to book orders and purchase. A follow up communication often leads to future sales and hence this aspect of e-commerce website is important. Notifications for the upcoming items lead to the sales and hence a virtual shop should have this feature.

Site Search Feature Must be There:

30 % of the customers visit e-commerce sites to search for the products. It is important to ensure that the search functionality should be there in the site. Auto complete features help the users to find their popular products. Also, the visitors should be able to narrow their search in several ways.

Security is Important:

All the e-commerce website should support SSL to encrypt the information requires to remain secure. This is so because the payments are done through credit cards and the bank details are furnished. If your site is not secured, customers will not purchase from you.

Should Contain Multiple Modes of Payments:

People like to pay as per their convenience. It is due to this reason that ever e-commerce website should have multiple modes of payments including the most commonly used Cash-on-Delivery method. Most of the customers run away from the sites that do not have COD payment mode.

Should be Well-Optimised:

With an increasing competition for selling products and services online, there are more people than ever that are in the race. If you cannot be found easily on the search engines, you will be at a loss. An e-commerce website should be well-optimised and easily found. A majority of people leave your website if it does not load easily.

These are a few important features that an e-commerce website should have. If you want to have a roaring online business, you need to hire a reputed and reliable website development company that can take care of all the important aspects.

What Items Are Considered Fashion Accessories And Why Are There So Many?

Have you been trying to upgrade your gear as in your appearance of what you wear? If you are then you will need to start looking and thinking about what your style is and find that type of brand that you like and stick with it for awhile.

As it comes to fashion and accessories you will find that there is a diverse variety of different types of accessories. Fashion accessories, like clothing, shoes and others come in different shapes sizes and more. There are clothes and other fashions made just for that type of person it can be found from kids to bigger adults.

One of the most desirable types of fashion accessories is that of jewelry. As it was stated above fashion accessories are for all types and ages of people and genders. For kids and teenagers and older people they like necklaces bracelets and that such with charms and colors. Men usually like necklaces with large charms or nice watches, while women tend to like rings with stones those of diamonds, bracelets, anklets and many more.

More types of fashion accessories include handbags or purses. Most teen girls and women like to carry all there stuff in one of these. A purse is just used to carry their stuff that they need with them and handbags are just larger than a purse and can hold more. Handbags and purses come in many different styles, shapes and sizes that is why many girls and teenage girls and older women have a variety of these.

To go along with purses and handbags traveling bags are now popular as well. Travel bags are sort of the same as a handbag but are made for men and women. A travel bag might even have a smaller handbag inside to be used to bring on to the plane with you.

Shoes also are a prized possession of many types of women. A lot of women have to own a different pair of shoes for every outfit. Due to those reasons is why women like to shop a lot. So if a woman has a lot of shoes but not enough clothes she’s going to go out and get enough to match them.

More pieces of fashion accessories are belts for both men and women. Men and boys usually wear belts as means to hold up their pants but women wear them as fashion and are not just to hold up their pants. Women’s belts arrive in many different shapes sizes styles and colors. These belts that women wear are just for fashion and are not made for any specific reason except to display their sense of style and fashion.

Pre-Employment Testing

As the job market becomes increasingly competitive, many employers are resorting to pre-employment testing to determine the best candidate for the job. While resumes provide employers with some insight into the capability of applicants, a relevant test can really help narrow the field. Unfortunately, there are also several disadvantages to pre-employment testing. Additionally, there are strict laws prohibiting discriminatory or disrespectful questions from being asked.

Advantages

Pre-employment tests provide employers with a number of advantages. Some such perks, include:

• Employers can identify positive traits within candidates, such as integrity, competence, motivation, and reliability

• Employers can identify negative traits within candidates, such as substance dependency and inclinations toward theft

• Provides further insight into candidates

• Can help determine differences between candidates who seemed equal after evaluating their resumes and undergoing an interview.

Disadvantages

Unfortunately, pre-employment testing is also disadvantageous for many employers. Some drawbacks include:

• Test results are only one factor of the hiring process. Employers should base their decision on other factors, such as their experience, qualifications, and interview.

• All tests administered by employers must be certified for validity and reliability

• Test results are not necessarily indicative of applicants’ ability to perform their job. Instead, tests focus on applicants’ potential.

• Testing conditions must be fair and consistent for every candidate

• Testing may eliminate some candidates who are highly qualified, but do not perform well on tests

• Applicants may react poorly to the test. Additionally, if they believe the test was discriminatory, they can legally challenge the test.

Discrimination

When writing tests, employers must be aware of the laws pertaining to employment testing. Any questions which require applicants to divulge something about themselves that could result in discrimination is illegal. For example, employers cannot ask about an applicant’s:

• Age-Some employers discriminate against older applicants because they assume that the older they are, the more pay they will request.

• Race/Ethnicity-Race and ethnicity are irrelevant factors when applying for a job. This law protects minorities from discrimination.

• Disability status-Some employers will discriminate against persons with disabilities, even if they will not impede the applicant’s job performance. The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits employers from asking questions pertaining to an applicant’s disability status.

• Sexual preference-Because sexual preference is private and irrelevant to one’s job performance, employers are prohibited from inquiring. This law protects members of the LGBT community who might otherwise be discriminated against.